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Scand J Rheumatol. 1987;16(4):247-56.

Phenotypes of T lymphocytes from peripheral blood and synovial fluid of patients with rheumatoid arthritis and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Evidence in favour of normal helper and suppressor functions of T lymphocytes from patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.

Abstract

Lymphocytes from peripheral blood (PB) and synovial fluid (SF) from 21 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and 18 patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) were studied with respect to T cell phenotypes using monoclonal antibodies in a rosette assay. The percentage of HLA-DR positive T cells was counted in PB and SF using indirect immunofluorescence. Suppressor cell activity of T cells from PB and SF was investigated by measuring the immunoglobulin production by pokeweed mitogen (PWM) stimulated B cells mixed with T cells at various ratios. The mean T4/T8 ratio was significantly lower in SF than in PB of both RA and JRA patients (p = 0.0062 and p less than 0.0001 respectively). The mean percentages of HLA-DR positive T cells were elevated in SF compared with PB in both patients groups (p less than 0.03 and p less than 0.04 in RA and JRA patients respectively). Mean suppressor cell activity and helper cell activity of T cells from SF and PB of JRA patients was normal. Thus there seems to be a dichotomy between the number of T8+ cells and suppressor cell function in mononuclear cells from SF of patients with JRA. This indicates that a considerable proportion of the T8+ cells in the SF do not have suppressor functions.

PMID:
2957788
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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