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J Clin Lab Anal. 2018 Mar 24:e22434. doi: 10.1002/jcla.22434. [Epub ahead of print]

Safety and efficacy of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs in patients undergoing hepatectomy: A prospective randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of University of South China, Hengyang Hunan, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM:

Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs, following a variety of perioperative treatments with evidence-based medical evidence, has indicated its validity to accelerate rehabilitation in a wide variety of surgical procedures. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) study was implemented to verify the safety and efficacy of the perioperative effects in patients undergoing hepatectomy with ERAS or with conventional surgery (CS).

METHODS:

From August 2016 to November 2017, according to the inclusion criteria, 160 patients with liver diseases were suitable for participating in this experiment. Patients before liver resection were randomized into ERAS group (n = 80) and CS group (n = 80), and then the outcome measures were compared between the two groups.

RESULTS:

Enhanced recovery after surgery group had significantly less complications than CS group (P = .009). Compared with CS group, patients in ERAS group had low peak of WBCs in postoperative day (POD1), ALT in POD1 and POD3 (P < .05), high value of ALB in POD3 and POD5 (P < .05), less pain and higher patient satisfaction (P < .001), earlier exhaust, oral feeding, ambulation and extubation time (P < .05),and also had less hospital stay and cost (P < .001). There were no significant differences in readmission rate (<30 days) between two groups (P = .772).

CONCLUSIONS:

Enhanced recovery after surgery programs applied to patients undergoing hepatectomy can safely and effectively relieve stress response, reduce the incidence of complications, improve patient satisfaction, accelerate patient recovery, reduce financial burden, and bring economic benefits.

KEYWORDS:

enhanced recovery after surgery; hepatectomy; perioperative treatments; randomized controlled trial

PMID:
29574998
DOI:
10.1002/jcla.22434

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