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J Ultrasound Med. 2018 Nov;37(11):2537-2544. doi: 10.1002/jum.14611. Epub 2018 Mar 25.

Shear Wave Elastography to Assess False Vocal Folds in Healthy Adults: A Feasibility Study.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York, USA.
2
Rocky Vista University, Ivins, Utah, USA.
3
Department of Ultrasound, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of the study was to investigate the feasibility of using ultrasound shear wave elastography to quantify mechanical properties and movement symmetry of false vocal folds positioned in adduction and abduction.

METHODS:

We prospectively measured the shear wave velocity (SWV) within the bilateral false vocal folds in 10 healthy adults using acoustic radiation force impulse imaging. From a transcutaneous approach at the level of thyroid cartilage, 5 SWV measurements were obtained within each side of the false vocal folds twice in adduction and again in abduction for each participant. Configuration-related differences in the SWV within false vocal folds were compared between adduction and abduction, in addition to differences between the right and left false vocal folds and between men and women, by a paired t test. We developed an SWV index [(SWVgreater - SWVlesser )/SWVgreater ] to assess movement symmetry between the right and left false vocal folds. Intraobserver agreement on repeated measures was examined by the intraclass correlation coefficient.

RESULTS:

The 10 participants included 5 men and 5 women. We observed that the SWV within false vocal folds was significantly higher in adduction than in abduction (P < .001). The SWV within false vocal folds in adduction was also significantly higher in women compared to men (P < .001). There was no significant difference in the SWV between the right and left false vocal folds in adduction or in abduction or between men and women in abduction (P > .05). The mean SWV index was 0.05 (range, 0.03-0.07). The intraclass correlation coefficient for intraobserver agreement was 0.89 (P < .001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Shear wave elastography seems to be feasible to quantify mechanical properties and evaluate the symmetry of false vocal folds in healthy adults.

KEYWORDS:

Virtual Touch tissue quantification; acoustic radiation force impulse; elastography; false vocal folds; shear wave elastography; ultrasound

PMID:
29574913
DOI:
10.1002/jum.14611
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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