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Free Radic Biol Med. 1987;3(1):41-54.

Free radical mechanisms in neocarzinostatin-induced DNA damage.

Abstract

The molecular mechanisms by which the antitumor protein antibiotic, neocarzinostatin, interacts with DNA and causes DNA sugar damage is discussed. Physical binding of the nonprotein chromophore of neocarzinostatin to DNA, involving an intercalative process and dependent on the microheterogeneity of DNA structure, is followed by thiol activation of the drug to a probable radical species. The latter attacks the deoxyribose, especially at thymidylate residues, by abstracting a hydrogen atom from C-5' to generate a carbon-centered radical on the DNA. This nascent form of DNA damage either reacts with dioxygen to form a peroxyl radical derivative, which eventuates in a strand break with a nucleoside 5'-aldehyde at the 5'-end or reacts with the bound drug to form a novel drug-deoxyribose covalent adduct. Nitroaromatic radiation sensitizers can substitute for dioxygen, but the DNA damage products are different. Similarities between the various biological effects of neocarzinostatin and ionizing radiation are reviewed.

PMID:
2957284
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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