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FEBS Lett. 2018 May;592(9):1484-1496. doi: 10.1002/1873-3468.13038. Epub 2018 Apr 10.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa rhamnolipid induces fibrillation of human α-synuclein and modulates its effect on biofilm formation.

Author information

1
Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center (iNANO), Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Aarhus University, Denmark.
2
Costerton Biofilm Center, Department of Immunology and Microbiology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
3
Department of Biomedicine-Medical Immunology, Aarhus University, Denmark.

Abstract

The Parkinson's disease-associated protein α-synuclein (αSN) is natively unfolded but its structure can be modulated by membranes and surfactants. The opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) produces and secretes the biosurfactant rhamnolipid (RL) which modulates bacterial biofilm. Here, we show that monomeric RL enhances the ability of αSN to permeabilize membranes, while micellar RL rapidly induces protein β-sheet structure with a worm-like fibrillary appearance, which cannot seed RL-free fibrillation but transforms into linear fibrils faster than αSN fibrillating on its own. Exposure to αSN reduces the degree of biofilm formation by PA unless RL is present. Our data suggest that RL interactions with αSN may affect both αSN aggregation and cell toxicity, potentially implicating microbiomic metabolites in the origin and propagation of Parkinson's disease.

KEYWORDS:

Pseudomonas aeruginosa ; amyloid; biofilm; biosurfactant; rhamnolipid; α-synuclein

PMID:
29572816
DOI:
10.1002/1873-3468.13038
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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