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Anaerobe. 2018 Jun;51:21-25. doi: 10.1016/j.anaerobe.2018.03.009. Epub 2018 Mar 20.

Presence of Clostridium difficile in poultry and poultry meat in Egypt.

Author information

1
Institute of Bacterial Infections and Zoonoses, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Naumburger Str. 96A, 07743 Jena, Germany; Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Sharkia province, Egypt. Electronic address: mostafa.abdel-glil@fli.de.
2
Institute of Bacterial Infections and Zoonoses, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Naumburger Str. 96A, 07743 Jena, Germany. Electronic address: prasad.thomas99@gmail.com.
3
Institute of Bacterial Infections and Zoonoses, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Naumburger Str. 96A, 07743 Jena, Germany. Electronic address: gernot.schmoock@fli.de.
4
Department of Poultry Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Manusoura University, Egypt. Electronic address: abouelazm.lab@gmail.com.
5
Institute of Microbiology and Epizootics, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität, Robert-von-Ostertag-Str. 7-13, Building 35, 14163, Berlin, Germany; Robert Koch-Institut, Nordufer 20, 13353, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: wielerlh@rki.de.
6
Institute of Bacterial Infections and Zoonoses, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Naumburger Str. 96A, 07743 Jena, Germany. Electronic address: heinrich.neubauer@fli.de.
7
Institute of Bacterial Infections and Zoonoses, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Naumburger Str. 96A, 07743 Jena, Germany. Electronic address: christian.seyboldt@fli.de.

Abstract

C. difficile has been recognized as a potential zoonotic agent encouraging investigations of C. difficile prevalence and ribotypes in animals. Here we report the prevalence and diversity of Egyptian C. difficile in I) samples from healthy poultry (n = 50), II) samples from diseased poultry (n = 54), and III) poultry meat (n = 150). Thirteen isolates were obtained from seven healthy and five diseased animals, but no C. difficile was cultured from poultry meat. The isolated C. difficile strains belonged to 3 different PCR-ribotypes (039/2, 205 and 001/FLI01). The detection of strains related to RT 001 known for its ability to cause disease in humans makes poultry a potential reservoir for pathogenic C. difficile.

KEYWORDS:

Clostridium difficile; Egypt; PCR-Ribotyping; Poultry; Zoonosis

PMID:
29571666
DOI:
10.1016/j.anaerobe.2018.03.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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