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Coron Artery Dis. 2018 Aug;29(5):409-415. doi: 10.1097/MCA.0000000000000616.

Door-to-balloon time and cardiac mortality in acute myocardial infarction by total occlusion of the left circumflex artery.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Jinju.
2
Department of Internal Medicine, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine and Cardiovascular Center, Gyeongsang National University Changwon Hospital, Changwon.
3
Department of Internal Medicine, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju.
4
School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University.
5
Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiovascular Center, Seoul National University Hospital.
6
Department of Cardiology, Yeungnam University Medical Center, Daegu.
7
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Republic of Korea.
8
Department of Cardiology, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, Kyung Hee University, Seoul.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) caused by total occlusion of the left circumflex artery (LCX) can present as non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). We evaluate whether door-to-balloon time (DBT) is associated with cardiac mortality in patients with total occlusion of the LCX.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

From the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry, patients with AMI who had total occlusion with a Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grade of 0 were included. We determined the factors for delay in primary percutaneous coronary intervention (DBT>90 min) and evaluated cardiac mortality for a median period of 14 months.

RESULTS:

Mean DBT was 68 min (interquartile range=50-156 min), and the achievement rate of DBT less than or equal to 90 min was 66.9% in the entire study population. More than half of patients with total occlusion of LCX were presented as NSTEMI (57.7%). Among patients with total occlusion of the LCX, the mean DBT was 136 min (interquartile range=60-484 min), and the achievement rate of DBT less than or equal to 90 min was 42.8%. On multivariate analysis, LCX occlusion was an important factor for DBT more than 90 min (odds ratio: 1.766, P<0.001). Among patients with LCX occlusion, cardiac mortality was higher in patients with ST-segment elevation (6.2 vs. 11.0%, P=0.024).

CONCLUSION:

This study showed that LCX occlusion was a significant factor for the delay in primary percutaneous coronary intervention on account of presenting as NSTEMI. Cardiac mortality was not associated with DBT more than 90 min but with ST-segment elevation in AMI patients with total occlusion of the LCX.

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