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Br J Dermatol. 2018 Aug;179(2):478-485. doi: 10.1111/bjd.16565. Epub 2018 Jun 7.

Diagnostic accuracy of dermatofluoroscopy in cutaneous melanoma detection: results of a prospective multicentre clinical study in 476 pigmented lesions.

Author information

1
Centre of Dermatooncology, Department of Dermatology, Eberhard-Karls-University, Tübingen, Germany.
2
University Department of Dermatology, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
3
Department of Dermatology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 440,, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Early detection is a key factor in improving survival from melanoma. Today, the clinical diagnosis of cutaneous melanoma is based mostly on visual inspection and dermoscopy. Preclinical studies in freshly excised or paraffin-embedded tissue have shown that the melanin fluorescence spectra after stepwise two-photon excitation, a process termed dermatofluoroscopy, differ between cutaneous melanoma and melanocytic naevi. However, confirmation from a larger prospective clinical study is lacking.

OBJECTIVES:

The primary end point of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of dermatofluoroscopy in melanoma detection. Secondary end points included the collection of data for improving the computer algorithm that classifies skin lesions based on melanin fluorescence and the assessment of safety aspects.

METHODS:

This was a prospective, blinded, multicentre clinical study in patients with pigmented skin lesions (PSLs) indicated for excision either to rule out or to confirm cutaneous melanoma. All included lesions underwent dermoscopy and dermatofluoroscopy in vivo before lesions were excised and subjected to histopathological examination.

RESULTS:

In total, 369 patients and 476 PSLs were included in the final analysis. In 101 of 476 lesions (21·2%) histopathology revealed melanoma. The observed sensitivity of dermatofluoroscopy was 89·1% (90 of 101 melanomas identified), with an observed specificity of 44·8%. The positive and negative predictive values were 30·3% and 93·9%, respectively. No adverse events occurred.

CONCLUSIONS:

Dermatofluoroscopy is a safe and accurate diagnostic method to aid physicians in diagnosing cutaneous melanoma. Limitations arise from largely amelanotic or regressing lesions lacking sufficient melanin fluorescence.

PMID:
29569229
DOI:
10.1111/bjd.16565
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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