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AIDS Behav. 2018 Jul;22(Suppl 1):65-69. doi: 10.1007/s10461-018-2096-3.

HIV Risk and Gender in Jamaica's Homeless Population.

Author information

1
HIV/STI/Tb Unit, Ministry of Health, Kingston, Jamaica. skyersn@moh.gov.jm.
2
University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.
3
National Council of Drug Abuse, Kingston, Jamaica.

Abstract

Rigorous HIV-related data for the homeless population in Jamaica is limited. A cross-sectional survey using a venue-based sampling approach was conducted in 2015 to derive HIV prevalence and associated risk factors. Three hundred twenty-three homeless persons from the parishes of St. James, St. Ann, Kingston, and St. Andrew (the main urban centers) participated. HIV prevalence was 13.8%, with a difference in gender (males 11.6%, females 26.7%, Pā€‰=ā€‰.007). Sex work, multiple partnerships, incarceration, non-injecting drug use, and female rape were common among the participants. Long-term, multilayered, HIV-specific, female-focused interventions are required for the population, along with additional female-centric research.

KEYWORDS:

Gender; HIV; Homeless; Jamaica

PMID:
29568999
PMCID:
PMC6154803
DOI:
10.1007/s10461-018-2096-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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