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Arch Womens Ment Health. 2018 Oct;21(5):573-578. doi: 10.1007/s00737-018-0830-5. Epub 2018 Mar 21.

Help-seeking patterns in women with postpartum severe mental illness: a report from southern India.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences [NIMHANS], Bangalore, 560029, India. docharisht@gmail.com.
2
Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences [NIMHANS], Bangalore, 560029, India.

Abstract

Postpartum severe mental illness (SMI) often presents with risks to mother-infant dyad and requires early assessment and interventions. The access to psychiatric care in low and middle income countries is complex. Help-seeking patterns in women with postpartum SMI has not been studied adequately. Hence, the present study was undertaken to examine the help-seeking pattern and reasons for delay in seeking psychiatry services among postpartum women with SMI. Successive patients with a diagnosis of postpartum SMI were recruited over a period of 2 years. Clinical variables including the risk evaluation, perceived delay in seeking care along with the reasons were assessed through clinical interviews using a proforma. Severity of illness was assessed using BPRS and "encounter" form was used to assess the help-seeking pattern. One hundred twenty-three women with postpartum SMI participated in the study. Acute polymorphic psychotic disorder was the most common clinical presentation. Psychiatrists were the most commonly (52.8%) sought care providers followed by faith healers (26%) and general medical practitioners (GMP) (21.1%) at the first level of help seeking. A past history of psychiatric illness was significantly higher among those who first contacted a psychiatrist, and BPRS scores were significantly high among those who contacted a GMP. Forty-four percent of subjects perceived a delay in seeking care from psychiatry services and the most common reason was lack of resources. There is a need to enhance awareness about postpartum SMI in the community. Faith healers need to be sensitized about the associated risks and the need for early referrals. Addressing the barriers to psychiatric care would help in early detection and treatment of postpartum SMI.

KEYWORDS:

Acute psychosis; Faith healing; Help-seeking; Pathways; Postpartum psychosis; Severe mental illness

PMID:
29564636
DOI:
10.1007/s00737-018-0830-5

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