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J Family Med Prim Care. 2017 Oct-Dec;6(4):739-743. doi: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_33_17.

Prospective study on prevalence of anemia of pregnant women and its outcome: A community based study.

Author information

1
Department of Community Medicine, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Kolar, Karnataka, India.
2
Department of Pathology, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Kolar, Karnataka, India.
3
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Kolar, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

Background:

Anemia is one of the most common nutritional deficiency disorders affecting the pregnant women in the developing countries. Anemia during pregnancy is commonly associated with poor pregnancy outcome and can result in complications that threaten the life of both mother and fetus.

Objective:

The objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence of anemia among pregnant women and to determine its association with maternal and fetal outcomes.

Settings and Design:

This study design was a prospective, observational, community-based study.

Subjects and Methods:

Four hundred and forty-six pregnant women were included in the study from three primary health centers in Kolar district by multistage sampling technique and were followed up till 1 week after delivery.

Statistical Analysis:

The data were analyzed using SPSS version 22; correlation coefficient, Chi-square test, and logistic regression were used.

Results:

There was a significant overall improvement in the hemoglobin levels of pregnant during the follow-up (10.3-10.72 gm%). About 35.6% of the women had maternal or fetal morbidity. Anemia was one of the main pregnancy-related complications (62.3%), other complications include difficult labor (3%), postpartum hemorrhage, and preeclampsia 1.6% each abortions/stillbirths (3.5%). The fetal complications include low birth weight (25.5%) followed by premature delivery (0.2%) and birth asphyxia (0.5%).

Conclusions:

A high prevalence of anemia in pregnant women apparently increases the maternal and fetal risks. To improve maternal and fetal outcome, it is recommended that the primary health care has to be strengthened, prevention, early diagnosis, and treatment of anemia in pregnancy to be given priority.

KEYWORDS:

Fetal morbidity; maternal morbidity; prevalence

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