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Asian J Transfus Sci. 2018 Jan-Jun;12(1):34-41. doi: 10.4103/ajts.AJTS_148_16.

Transfusion support in preterm neonates <1500 g and/or <32 weeks in a tertiary care center: A descriptive study.

Author information

1
Department of Transfusion Medicine, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
2
Department of Neonatology, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Lack of recent studies focusing on indications, pattern, and benefits of transfusions in low birth weight (B.Wt) and low gestational age (GA) preterm neonates prompted us to undertake this study.

AIM:

To estimate the transfusion requirements and outcomes in preterm neonates <1500 g and/or <32 weeks.

SETTINGS AND DESIGN:

This is a cross-sectional study conducted over a period of 2 years in a tertiary care center.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

This study was conducted with 101 preterm neonates <1500 g and/or <32 weeks who received blood transfusions in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Restrictive pattern of transfusion was followed. Demographic details and antenatal, neonatal, laboratory, and transfusion parameters were collected.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED:

Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS 16.

RESULTS:

The study participants received 311 transfusions. Transfusion requirements decreased with increasing GA and B.Wt. Majority of blood transfusions occurred during the first 2 weeks of life. Packed red blood cells (PRBCs) were the most frequent blood components transfused. Ninety-six percent of the study population had an uneventful transfusion. Mean hemoglobin improvement after PRBC transfusions was 2.3 ± 2.1 g/dl. Improvement in apnea occurred in 76% PRBC transfusions. Infants with sepsis, patent ductus arteriosus, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and dyselectrolytemia received more number of transfusions.

CONCLUSION:

This study would serve as an audit for neonatal blood transfusion therapy. Close adherence to neonatal transfusion policy and restrictive transfusion guidelines helps reduce inappropriate use of blood products and adverse transfusion reactions.

KEYWORDS:

Blood component; preterm neonates; restrictive; transfusion

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