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J Occup Health. 2018 May 25;60(3):246-253. doi: 10.1539/joh.2017-0276-OA. Epub 2018 Mar 20.

Comparison of accelerometer-measured sedentary behavior, and light- and moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity in white- and blue-collar workers in a Japanese manufacturing plant.

Author information

1
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Tokyo Medical University.
2
Faculty of Health Sciences, Kyorin University.
3
Department of Life Sciences, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo.
4
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University.
5
Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba.
6
Department of Nutrition and Metabolism, National Institute of Health and Nutrition, National Institutes of Biomedical Innovation, Health and Nutrition.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The times spent in sedentary behavior (SB) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) are independently associated with health outcomes; however, objective data on physical activity levels including SB among different occupations is limited. We compared accelerometer-measured times spent in SB, light-intensity physical activity (LPA), and MVPA, and the patterns associated with prolonged bouts of SB between white- and blue-collar workers.

METHODS:

The study population consisted of 102 full-time plant workers (54 white-collar and 48 blue-collar) who wore a triaxial accelerometer during waking hours for 5 working days. Accelerometer-measured activity levels were categorized as SB (≤1.5 metabolic equivalents (METs)), LPA (1.6-2.9 METs), and MVPA (≥3.0 METs). A sedentary bout was defined as consecutive minutes during which the accelerometer registered less than ≤1.5 METs. Accelerometer variables were compared between white- and blue-collar workers through analysis of covariance.

RESULTS:

During working hours, white-collar workers spent significantly more time in SB and less time in LPA than blue-collar workers (SB: 6.4 h vs. 4.8 h, 73% vs. 55% of total work time; LPA: 1.9 h vs. 3.5 h, 22% vs. 40% of total work time, p<.001), whereas the MVPA time was similar between the groups. White-collar workers spent significantly more SB time in prolonged sedentary bouts (≥30 min) compared to blue-collar workers. During leisure time, the SB, LPA, and MVPA times were similar between the groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

White-collar workers have significantly longer SB times than blue-collar workers during work hours, and do not compensate for their excess SB during work by reducing SB during leisure time.

KEYWORDS:

Accelerometer; Occupational exposure; Physical activity; Sedentary behavior

PMID:
29563367
PMCID:
PMC5985348
DOI:
10.1539/joh.2017-0276-OA
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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