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Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2018 Apr 1;56(4):279-283. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.0529-5815.2018.E007.

[A therapeutic effect analysis of femur first principle and combined anteversion technique during total hip arthroplasty].

[Article in Chinese; Abstract available in Chinese from the publisher]

Author information

1
Department of Joint Orthorpaedics, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250021, China.

Abstract

in English, Chinese

Objective: To investigate the situation of hip dislocation with the application of "femur first" principle and "combined anteversion technique" during total hip arthroplasty. Methods: A retrospective analysis has been done on the clinical data about 104 patients(133 hips)who were diagnosed as hip disease and were treated with total hip arthroplasty by the doctors from the Department of Joint Orthorpaedics of Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University from June 2014 to June 2016, and all the prostheses applied in the operation were cementless ones.Among them, 65 patients were males, 39 females and their age was 46.6 years (ranging from 23 to 76 years) .And 29 of them underwent bilateral hip operations and 75 unilateral ones.Seventy-six cases of aseptic necrosis of the femoral head in the terminal stage, 28 cases of hip dysplasia and osteoarthritis.Surgical approach: of all the operations, 103 hips were operated on with hardinge approach, 30 with posterolateral approach.During the operation, first of all, the femoral medullary cavity was broached and then the anteversion of intramedullary broacher was measured.After that, the anteversion of the acetabular cup was calculated as 37° minus the anteversion of the broacher, and the acetabular cup was implanted at that angle.The patients' prosthesis combined anteversion, range of motion of the hip joint, operation time, hemorrhage amount, and complications had been kept record.One, three, and six months respectively after the operation, all the patients received outpatient review, and took anteroposterior and lateral position X-ray examination.Harris hip score had been applied to evaluate their hip function before the operation and six months after the operation. Results: All the patients had been operated on smoothly, with the operation time of(57.6±14.5)minutes(36-115 minutes)and hemorrhage amount of (336.5±50.8)ml(180-620 ml). The operation finding showed that the combined anteversion by employing"femur first"principle and combined anteversion techniqueis was (36.6±6.8)°. Also, range of motion of the patients' hip conforms to the D'Lima criterion and no patients had experienced dislocation and some other serious complications.The follow-up ended at August 2017, which lasted for 12.2 months(6-18 months), and 88 cases(119 hips) were interviewed. The Harris hip score for the affected sides of the hip joints 6 months after the surgery was 94.6(86-100). Compared with the score of 29.8(12-43) before surgery, the t-test had proven its statistical significance(t=12.82, P=0.003). Conclusion: Based upon the "femoral first" principle and "combined anteversion technique" during total hip arthroplasty, these operations has been carried out well enough to meet the patients' needs of performing normal daily activities.

KEYWORDS:

Acetabulum; Arthroplasty, replacement, hip; Combined anteversion; Femur first

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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