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J Extra Corpor Technol. 2018 Mar;50(1):19-29.

Circulating and Urinary miR-210 and miR-16 Increase during Cardiac Surgery Using Cardiopulmonary Bypass - A Pilot Study.

Author information

Cardiac Surgery Research and Perfusion, Cardiac and Thoracic Surgical Unit, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, Australia.
School of Medicine, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia.
Renal Medicine, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, Australia.
Flinders Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics (FCEB), Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia; and the Departments of.
Gastroenterology and.


A pilot study to measure and compare blood and urine microRNAs miR-210 and miR-16 in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. Frequent serial blood and urine samples were taken from patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB (n = 10) and undergoing off-pump cardiac surgery (n = 5) before, during, and after surgery. Circulating miR-210 and miR-16 levels were determined by relative quantification real-time polymerase chain reaction. Levels of plasma-free haemoglobin (fHb), troponin-T, creatine kinase, and creatinine were measured. Perioperative serum miR-210 and miR-16 were elevated significantly compared to preoperative levels in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB (CPB vs. Pre Op and Rewarm vs. Pre Op; p < .05 for both). There were increases of greater than 200% in miR-210 levels during rewarming and immediately postoperatively and a 3,000% increase in miR-16 levels immediately postoperatively in urine normalized to urinary creatinine concentration. Serum levels of miR-16 were relatively constant during off-pump surgery. miR-210 levels increased significantly in off-pump patients perioperatively (p < .05 Octopus on vs. Pre Op); however, the release was less marked when compared to cardiac surgery with CPB. A significant association was observed between both miR-16 and miR-210 and plasma fHb when CPB was used (r = -.549, p < .0001 and r = -.463, p < .0001 respectively). Serum and urine concentrations of hypoxically regulated miR-210 and hemolysis-associated miR-16 increased in cardiac surgery using CPB compared to off-pump surgery. These molecules may have utility in indicating severity of cardiac, red cell, and renal injury during cardiac surgery.


cardiac surgery; cardiopulmonary bypass; hemolysis; hypoxia; microRNA

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