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Eur J Clin Nutr. 2018 Nov;72(11):1485-1489. doi: 10.1038/s41430-018-0140-z. Epub 2018 Mar 20.

Increasing vegetable intake to obtain the health promoting and ergogenic effects of dietary nitrate.

Author information

1
NUTRIM, School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
2
Institute of Sport and Exercise Studies, HAN University of Applied Sciences, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
3
Institute for Health Sciences, Department of Physiology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
4
NUTRIM, School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands. lex.verdijk@maastrichtuniversity.nl.

Abstract

Increased consumption of dietary nitrate increases plasma nitrate and nitrite concentrations, and has been shown to elicit cardio-protective effects and improve exercise performance. Nitrate consumption in the habitual diet is mainly dependent on nitrate-rich vegetables, such as green leafy and root vegetables, with total vegetable consumption accounting for approximately 50-85% of our daily nitrate intake. Whereas 'supplementation' with dietary nitrate in research studies has mainly been accomplished through the use of (concentrated) nitrate-rich beetroot juice, dietary strategies focusing on increased intake of nitrate-rich vegetables may represent a similarly effective alternative for increasing dietary nitrate intake and, as such, obtaining the associated cardiovascular health and ergogenic benefits.

PMID:
29559721
DOI:
10.1038/s41430-018-0140-z

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