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Br J Psychiatry. 2018 Apr;212(4):207-214. doi: 10.1192/bjp.2017.63.

Healthcare provision and the psychological, somatic and social impact on people involved in the terror attacks in January 2015 in Paris: cohort study.

Author information

1
Direction of Regional Office,Santé publique France,The French Public Health Agency,Saint Maurice,France and INSERM,Sorbonne Université,Institut Pierre Louis d'Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique IPLESP,Department of social epidemiology,Paris,France.
2
Direction of chronic diseases and injuries,Santé publique France,The French Public Health Agency,Saint Maurice cedex,France.
3
Direction of Regional Office,Santé publique France,The French Public Health Agency,Saint Maurice cedex,France.
4
Hôtel Dieu,Paris,France.
5
INSERM,Sorbonne Université,Institut Pierre Louis d'Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique IPLESP,Department of social epidemiology,France.
6
PHD,CESP Inserm 1178,Université Paris 13,Paris,France and Hopital Avicenne,Bobigny,France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Terrorist attacks occurred in Paris in January 2015. Aims To assess the mental health impact and the access to psychomedical care of people exposed to the attacks.

METHOD:

We implemented an open-cohort design 6 and 18 months after the attacks. Exposed civilians and rescue workers were included according to the exposure criteria A for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in DSM-5. A face-to-face questionnaire conducted by trained psychologists was used to collect sociodemographic characteristics, exposure level, scores on psychometric scales, an international neuropsychiatric interview and access to care.

RESULTS:

Six months after the attacks, 18% of civilians reported symptoms of PTSD, 31% had anxiety disorders and 11% depression. Among rescue workers, 3% reported symptoms of PTSD and 14% anxiety disorders. During the 48 h following the attacks, 53.2% of civilian had access to psychomedical care v. 35% of rescue and police staff.

CONCLUSIONS:

We found severe psychological consequences, even in people who were less exposed. Declaration of interest None.

PMID:
29557760
DOI:
10.1192/bjp.2017.63
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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