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Afr J Paediatr Surg. 2017 Jul-Sep;14(3):37-42. doi: 10.4103/ajps.AJPS_81_16.

Oral and maxillofacial tumours in children and adolescents: Clinicopathologic audit of 75 cases in an academic medical centre, Sokoto, Northwest Nigeria.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, College of Health Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.
2
Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria.
3
Department of Preventive Dentistry, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria.
4
Dental and Paediatrics, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria.
5
Dental and Histopathology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria.

Abstract

Background:

Maxillofacial tumours in children and adolescents have been documented worldwide; however, few studies were reported from Africa, especially sub-Saharan Africa. In Nigeria, most of the studies emanated from the Southwest region.

Aim:

To present an audit of clinicopathologic features and treatment of orofacial tumours in children and adolescents in Sokoto, Northwest Nigeria.

Patients and Methods:

Clinicopathologic records of the Departments of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Paediatrics and Histopathology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria, were reviewed for all the oral and maxillofacial tumours managed in children <19 years from January 2011 to December 2015.

Results:

Two hundred and twenty-two tumours were noted in all age groups during the study duration and 75 (33.8%) of these occurred in children and adolescents. A total of 45 (60%) males and thirty (40%) females constitute the patient population with a male to female ratio of 1.5:1. There are 32 (42.7%) benign tumours and 43 (57.3%) malignant tumours. Burkitt's lymphoma was the most common malignant tumour in 24 cases (55.8%), whereas pleomorphic adenoma was the most common benign soft tissue tumour in 4 cases (30.8%) and fibro-osseous lesions were the most common benign jaw tumours in 10 cases (52.6%). Chemotherapy alone was the treatment modality in 24 cases of malignant tumour whereas 13 cases had combination chemotherapy and irradiation.

Conclusions:

Our findings established that oral and maxillofacial tumours in children and adolescents are quite common in Sokoto, Northwest region of Nigeria, particularly the malignant types. There is a need for improved universal healthcare insurance for all citizens to adequately manage these children effectively.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescents; Burkitt's lymphoma; chemoradiation; chemotherapy; children; orofacial; pleomorphic adenoma; tumours

PMID:
29557349
PMCID:
PMC5881284
DOI:
10.4103/ajps.AJPS_81_16
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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