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Biochem Biophys Rep. 2018 Jan 28;13:109-115. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrep.2018.01.004. eCollection 2018 Mar.

Juglans regia L. protects against UVB induced apoptosis in human epidermal keratinocytes.

Author information

1
Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar 608002, Tamilnadu, India.
2
Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar 608002, Tamilnadu, India.

Abstract

The present study was aimed to investigate the photoprotective effect of the male flower of J. regia L. (MEJR) against ultraviolet-B induced apoptosis in human skin cells. Human skin epidermal keratinocytes were pretreated with the MEJR (80 µg/ml, has been selected after MTT assay), prior to 30 min UVB-irradiation at a dose of 20 mJ/cm2. Mitochondrial membrane potential was evaluated using Rhodamine-123 staining; the % apoptosis by Hoechst staining and acridine orange staining; DNA damage was measured by comet assay. The levels of p53, Bax, Bcl-xL, Bcl-2, Cytochrome c, Caspase-9 and Caspase-3 expression in HaCaT cells were analyzed by western blotting and RT-PCR. Pretreatment with MEJR 80 µg/ml prior to UVB-irradiation significantly prevents apoptotic characteristics, DNA damage and loss of mitochondrial membrane potential. Thus, MEJR protects UVB-mediated human skin cells, by modulating the expression of apoptotic markers and UVB-induced DNA damage in HaCaT cells.

KEYWORDS:

Apoptotic markers; DNA damage; Juglans regia L.; Ultraviolet-B

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