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mSystems. 2018 Mar 13;3(2). pii: e00162-17. doi: 10.1128/mSystems.00162-17. eCollection 2018 Mar-Apr.

Ecosystem Microbiology of Coral Reefs: Linking Genomic, Metabolomic, and Biogeochemical Dynamics from Animal Symbioses to Reefscape Processes.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California, USA.
2
Department of Marine Microbiology and Biogeochemistry, Royal NIOZ, the Netherlands Institute for Sea Research in cooperation with Utrecht University, Texel, Netherlands.
3
Center for Microbial Oceanography: Research and Education, Department of Oceanography and Sea Grant College Program, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, Honolulu, Hawai'i, USA.
#
Contributed equally

Abstract

Over the past 2 decades, molecular techniques have established the critical role of both free-living and host-associated microbial partnerships in the environment. Advancing research to link microbial community dynamics simultaneously to host physiology and ecosystem biogeochemistry is required to broaden our understanding of the ecological roles of environmental microbes. Studies on coral reefs are actively integrating these data streams at multiple levels, from the symbiotic habitat of the coral holobiont to microbially mediated interactions between corals and algae to the effects of these interactions on the microbial community structure, metabolism, and organic geochemistry of the reef ecosystem. Coral reefs endure multiple anthropogenic impacts, including pollution, overfishing, and global change. In this context, we must develop ecosystem microbiology with an eye to providing managers with microbial indicators of reef ecosystem processes, coral health, and resilience to both local and global stressors.

KEYWORDS:

biogeochemistry; coral reef; ecosystem; metabolomics; metagenomics

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of Interest Disclosures: L.W.K. reports grant OCE-1538567 from the U.S. National Science Foundation during the conduct of the study. A.F.H. has nothing to disclose. C.E.N. reports grant OCE-1538393 from the U.S. National Science Foundation and grant NA14OAR4170071 from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration during the conduct of the study. Conflict of Interest Disclosures: L.W.K. reports grant OCE-1538567 from the U.S. National Science Foundation during the conduct of the study. A.F.H. has nothing to disclose. C.E.N. reports grant OCE-1538393 from the U.S. National Science Foundation and grant NA14OAR4170071 from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration during the conduct of the study.

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