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Drug Metab Dispos. 2018 May;46(5):719-728. doi: 10.1124/dmd.118.080408. Epub 2018 Mar 19.

A Clinical Quantitative Evaluation of Hepatobiliary Transport of [11C]Dehydropravastatin in Humans Using Positron Emission Tomography.

Author information

1
RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies , Kobe, Japan
2
Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Abeno-ku, Osaka, Japan
3
RIKEN Center for Molecular imaging Sciences, Kobe, Japan
4
Laboratory of Molecular Pharmacokinetics, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
5
Sugiyama Laboratory, RIKEN Innovation Center, Kanagawa, Japan

Abstract

Various positron emission tomography (PET) probes have been developed to assess in vivo activities in humans of drug transporters, which aid in the prediction of pharmacokinetic properties of drugs and the impact of drug-drug interactions. We developed a new PET probe, sodium (3R, 5R)-3, 5-dihydroxy-7-((1S, 2S, 6S, 8S)-6-hydroxy-2-methyl-8- ((1-[11C]-(E)-2-methyl-but-2-enoyl) oxy) -1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 8a-hexahydronaphthalen-1-yl) heptanoate ([11C]DPV), and demonstrated its usefulness for the quantitative investigation of Oatps (gene symbol SLCO) and Mrp2 (gene symbol ABCC2) in rats. To further analyze the species differences and verify the pharmacokinetic parameters in humans, serial PET scanning of the abdominal region with [11C]DPV was performed in six healthy volunteers with and without an OATP1Bs and MRP2 inhibitor, rifampicin (600 mg, oral), in a crossover fashion. After intravenous injection, [11C]DPV rapidly distributed to the liver and kidney followed by secretion into the bile and urine. Rifampicin significantly reduced the liver distribution of [11C]DPV 3-fold, resulting in a 7.5-fold reduced amount of excretion into the bile and the delayed elimination of [11C]DPV from the blood circulation. The hepatic uptake clearance (CLuptake, liver) and canalicular efflux clearance (CLint, bile) of [11C]DPV (544 ± 204 and 10.2 ± 3.5 µl/min per gram liver, respectively) in humans were lower than the previously reported corresponding parameters in rats (1800 and 298 µl/min per gram liver, respectively) (Shingaki et al., 2013). Furthermore, rifampicin treatment significantly reduced CLuptake, liver and CLint, bile by 58% and 44%, respectively. These results suggest that PET imaging with [11C]DPV is an effective tool for quantitatively characterizing the OATP1Bs and MRP2 functions in the human hepatobiliary transport system.

PMID:
29555827
DOI:
10.1124/dmd.118.080408
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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