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Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Biol Lipids. 2018 Jun;1863(6):651-656. doi: 10.1016/j.bbalip.2018.03.005. Epub 2018 Mar 17.

Oxygenation of polyunsaturated fatty acids and oxidative stress within blood platelets.

Author information

1
Univ Lyon, INSA-Lyon, UMR 1060 Inserm, UMR 1397 Inra, CarMeN Lab, IMBL, F-69621 Villeurbanne, France. Electronic address: michel.lagarde@insa-lyon.fr.
2
Univ Lyon, INSA-Lyon, UMR 1060 Inserm, UMR 1397 Inra, CarMeN Lab, IMBL, F-69621 Villeurbanne, France.

Abstract

The oxygenation metabolism of arachidonic acid (ArA) has been early described in blood platelets, in particular with its conversion into the potent labile thromboxane A2 that induces platelet aggregation and vascular smooth muscle cells contraction. In addition, the primary prostaglandins D2 and E2 have been mainly reported as inhibitors of platelet function. The platelet 12-lipoxygenase (12-LOX) product, i.e. the hydroperoxide 12-HpETE, appears to stimulate platelet ArA metabolism at the level of its release from membrane phospholipids through phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) and cyclooxygenase (COX-1) activities, the first enzymes in prostanoid production cascade. Also, 12-HpETE may regulate the oxygenation of other polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) by platelets, especially that of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). On the other hand, the reduced product of 12-HpETE, 12-HETE, is able to antagonize TxA2 action. This is even more obvious for the 12-LOX end-products from docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), 11- and 14-HDoHE. In addition, 12-HpETE plays a key role in platelet oxidative stress as observed in pathophysiological conditions, but may be regulated by DHA with a bimodal way according to its concentration. Other oxygenated products of PUFA, especially omega-3 PUFA, produced outside platelets may affect platelet functions as well.

KEYWORDS:

Aging; Diabetes; Docosanoids; Eicosanoids; Octadecanoids; Peroxidation; Platelet aggregation

PMID:
29555597
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbalip.2018.03.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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