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Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018 May;25(15):15029-15035. doi: 10.1007/s11356-018-1651-9. Epub 2018 Mar 19.

Investigating the role of urban development in the conventional environmental Kuznets curve: evidence from the globe.

Author information

1
Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, University of Kyrenia, Karakum, Northern Cyprus, Via Mersin 10, Kyrenia, Turkey. setareh.katircioglu@kyrenia.edu.tr.
2
Department of Banking and Finance, Faculty of Business and Economics, Eastern Mediterranean University, P.O. Box 99628, Northern Cyprus, Via Mersin 10, Famagusta, Turkey.
3
Faculty of Tourism, Selcuk University, Alaeddin Keykubat Yerleşkesi, Akademi Mah., Yeni İstanbul Cad. No: 369, Selçuklu, PO Box: 42130, Konya, Turkey.

Abstract

We investigated the role of urbanization in the conventional environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) of the globe. The overall population and rural population were also considered for control purposes. Based on our findings, we suggest that the conventional EKC of the globe is not an inverted U-shape but becomes downward sloping when urban development is added and inverted U-shapes when the overall population and rural population volumes are added.

KEYWORDS:

Carbon emissions; Energy; Environmental Kuznets curve; Urban development

PMID:
29552719
DOI:
10.1007/s11356-018-1651-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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