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Intractable Rare Dis Res. 2018 Feb;7(1):69-71. doi: 10.5582/irdr.2018.01007.

Early electronic screen exposure and autistic-like symptoms.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, Faculty of Medicine Diponegoro University/Diponegoro National Hospital. Jl. Prof. H. Soedarto SH, Tembalang, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia.
2
Department of Pediatric, Faculty of Medicine Diponegoro University/Diponegoro National Hospital. Jl. Prof. H. Soedarto SH, Tembalang, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia.
3
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine Diponegoro University/Diponegoro National Hospital. Jl. Prof. H. Soedarto SH, Tembalang, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia.
4
Center for Biomedical Research (CEBIOR), Faculty of Medicine Diponegoro University/Diponegoro National Hospital. Jl. Prof. H. Soedarto SH, Tembalang, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia.

Abstract

Prevalence autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has been on rise, but many studies suggests over-diagnosed. Currently, children have more access to electronic media on the daily basis than those of previous generation. Some studies suggest that increases screen time is associated with melanopsin-expressing neurons and decreasing gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurotransmitter, and thus results aberrant behavior, decreased cognitive, and language development. Early exposure of electronic media in early life (< 2 years old) gives an impact on language, but it still inconclusive. We made a study aiming at revealing the impact of early exposure of electronic screen on language development and autistic-like behavior. Results showed that children who spent viewing ≤ 3 hours per day had language delay and short attention span, while children who spent viewing ≥ 3 hours per day had language delay, short attention span, and hyperactivity. While, we found that more than a half of children (66.6%) had no parents-child interaction during the exposure, speech delayed and short attention had been reported in all cases, and hyperactivity was found in 66.6% children.

KEYWORDS:

Screen exposure; hyperactivity; short attention span; speech delay

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