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Nutrition. 2018 Jun;50:74-81. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2018.01.013. Epub 2018 Feb 5.

NutriCatt protocol in the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) program for colorectal surgery: The nutritional support improves clinical and cost-effectiveness outcomes.

Author information

1
Gastroenterology Area, Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics Unit, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario "Agostino Gemelli", Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: E.rinninella@gmail.com.
2
Abdominal Surgery Area, General Surgery Unit, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario "Agostino Gemelli", Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy.
3
Graduate School in Health Economics and Management (ALTEMS), Faculty of Economics, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy.
4
Gastroenterology Area, Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics Unit, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario "Agostino Gemelli", Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy.
5
Gastroenterology Area, Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology Unit, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario "Agostino Gemelli", Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Postoperative complications and length of hospital stay (LOS) are major issues and affect hospital costs. Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols are effective in reducing morbidity and LOS after major surgery. We propose a nutritional protocol within ERAS programs in colorectal surgery, starting from preadmission.

METHODS:

We compared the ERAS + NutriCatt approach versus the ERAS standard program adopted in our center in the previous months. Complications, LOS, hospital readmission at 30 days, and late complications (at 90 days) were assessed and compared. A cost-effectiveness analysis was performed.

RESULTS:

A total of 114 patients were treated according to the ERAS program between April 2015 and January 2016; 105 were enrolled in the ERAS + NutriCatt protocol from February to September 2016; Patients' characteristics were similar in the two groups, except for American Society of Anesthesiologists score, which was significantly worse in the ERAS + NutriCatt cohort; preoperative diagnoses and surgical approaches were similar in the two periods. LOS was significantly inferior in the ERAS + NutriCatt protocol (4.9 ± 1.7 d; 95% confidence interval [CI] 4.60-5.28) compared with the standard ERAS program (6.1 ± 3.9 d, 95% CI 5.36-6.81) (P = 0.006), as were postoperative complications (36, 34.3% versus 55, 48.2%; P = 0.03). Complications within 90 d were 0 in ERAS + NutriCatt and 4 in the ERAS standard cohort. Cost-effectiveness analyses indicated savings in the ERAS + NutriCatt protocol.

CONCLUSIONS:

Nutritional care, starting from the preadmission visit, is able to reduce LOS, postoperative and late complications, and costs, in addition to ERAS standard items in colorectal surgery.

KEYWORDS:

Clinical nutrition; Colorectal surgery; Cost-effectiveness analysis; ERAS program; Hospital stay; Postoperative complications

PMID:
29547797
DOI:
10.1016/j.nut.2018.01.013

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