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J Trauma Dissociation. 2018 May-Jun;19(3):289-306. doi: 10.1080/15299732.2018.1441352.

Poly-victimization from different methodological approaches using the juvenile victimization questionnaire: Are we identifying the same victims?

Author information

1
a Traducció i Ciències Humanes , Universitat de Vic - Universitat Central de Catalunya , Vic , Spain.
2
c Grup de Recerca en Victimització Infantil i Adolescent (GReVIA) , Spain.
3
b Psicologia, Universitat de Barcelona , Barcelona , Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study aims to determine whether three different methodological approaches used to assess poly-victimization that apply the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire (JVQ; Finkelhor, Hamby, Ormrod, & Turner, 2005) identify the same group of adolescent poly-victims.

METHOD:

The sample consisted of 1,105 adolescents (590 males and 515 females), aged 12-17 years old (M = 14.52, SD = 1.76) and recruited from seven secondary schools in Spain. The JVQ was used to assess lifetime and past-year experiences of victimization.

RESULTS:

Poly-victims were more likely to experience all types of victimization than victims, regardless of the method used. The degree of agreement between the methods for identifying poly-victimization was moderate for both timeframes, with the highest agreements being recorded between the one-above-the-mean number of victimizations and Latent Class Analysis (LCA) for lifetime, and between the top 10% and LCA for past-year victimization.

CONCLUSIONS:

Researchers and clinicians should be aware that the use of different methods to define poly-victimization may mean that different victims are identified. The choice of one method or another may have important implications. In consequence, focusing on how we operationalize poly-victimization should be a priority in the near future.

KEYWORDS:

Poly-victimization; Spain; adolescents; assessment; methodology; violence

PMID:
29547078
DOI:
10.1080/15299732.2018.1441352
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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