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Med Oncol. 2018 Mar 15;35(4):54. doi: 10.1007/s12032-018-1114-7.

Protective effects of purple carrot extract (Daucus carota) against rat tongue carcinogenesis induced by 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide.

Author information

1
Department of Biosciences, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), Rua Silva Jardim, 136, Vila Mathias, Santos, SP, 11050-020, Brazil.
2
Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Campus Litoral Paulista, São Vicente, SP, Brazil.
3
Department of Biosciences, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), Rua Silva Jardim, 136, Vila Mathias, Santos, SP, 11050-020, Brazil. daribeiro@unifesp.br.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the chemopreventive potential of purple carrot extract following rat tongue carcinogenesis induced by 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4NQO). For this purpose, histopathological analysis, proliferative status, antioxidant activity and inflammatory status were investigated in this setting. A total of 20 male rats were distributed into four groups as follows (n = 5 per group): Group 1-free access to water and commercial diet for 12 weeks; Group 2-received 4NQO at 50 ppm dose in drinking water daily and commercial diet for 12 weeks; Group 3-free access to water and received diet supplemented with purple carrot extract (0.1 g/kg) for 12 weeks; and Group 4-received 4NQO at 50 ppm dose in drinking water daily and diet supplemented with purple carrot extract (0.1 g/kg) for 12 weeks. Histopathological analysis revealed that animals treated with purple carrot extract reduced the oral lesions such as dysplasia and squamous cell carcinoma. Animals with oral pre-neoplastic lesions and treated with purple carrot extract decreased ki-67 and 8-OHdG immunoexpression. Moreover, pNFκBp50 and MyD88 protein expressions were decreased after purple carrot treatment associated or not with 4NQO exposure. SOD-Mn mRNA levels increased with treatment with purple carrot extract as well. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that purple carrot extract was able to protect oral lesions induced by 4NQO in Wistar rats as a result of antioxidant activity, anti-inflammatory potential and antiproliferative and antimutagenic actions.

KEYWORDS:

4-Nitroquinoline 1-oxide; Chemopreventive studies; Oral cancer; Purple carrot; Rat

PMID:
29546679
DOI:
10.1007/s12032-018-1114-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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