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J Ethnopharmacol. 2018 Aug 10;222:229-238. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2018.03.015. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

Ling-Yang-Gou-Teng-decoction prevents vascular dementia through inhibiting oxidative stress induced neurovascular coupling dysfunction.

Author information

1
Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100193, China.
2
Department of Pathophysiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.
3
Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address: yllin@implad.ac.cn.
4
Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address: dycai@implad.ac.cn.

Abstract

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE:

Vascular dementia (VaD) is the common cognitive disorder derived mainly from lacunar stroke (LS). The oxidative stress induced neurovascular coupling (NVC) dysfunction involves in the pathogenesis of VaD. Currently, there is no specific drug for VaD. Ling-Yang-Gou-Teng -Decoction (LG), a well-known traditional Chinese formula, has been used for preventing VaD in clinic.

AIM OF THE STUDY:

In this study, we aimed to investigate the underlying mechanism of LG on VaD in rats.

MATERIALS AND METHOD:

VaD was replicated with autologous micro-thrombi against the background of hypercholesterolemia induced with high fatty diet. PTX (68.90 mg/kg/day), LG with three dosages (2.58, 8.14, 25.80 g/kg/day) was orally administrated to VaD rats, respectively. The NVC sensitivity was defined as the ratio of the microcirculative cerebral blood velocity (CBV) to the electroencephalograph (EEG) before and after penicillin stimulation. Behavioral performance, pathological changes of brain and oxidation related molecules were detected to assess the effects of LG on VaD.

RESULTS:

LG exhibited beneficial effects on the VaD, which was demonstrated as improved exploratory, learning and memory abilities, relieved vascular or neural pathological changes in cerebral cortex or hippocampus. LG maintained NVC sensitivity, which was confirmed as significantly increased ΔCBV and the elevated ratio of ΔCBV/ΔqEEG. The underlying mechanisms of LG was associated with antioxidant effects, which was confirmed as significantly decreased nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase 2 (NOX2) expression, and increased superoxide dismutase 3 (SOD3) expression. LG also reduced iNOS, increased nNOS and eNOS expression to restore NO bioavailability.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results suggested that LG prevented VaD may associate with inhibiting oxidative stress, protecting NO bioavailability, and then maintaining NVC sensitivity.

KEYWORDS:

Ling-Yang-Gou-Teng Decoction; Neurovascular coupling; Oxidation; Vascular dementia

PMID:
29545211
DOI:
10.1016/j.jep.2018.03.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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