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Presse Med. 2018 Mar;47(3):e25-e33. doi: 10.1016/j.lpm.2017.11.023. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

[Violence for educational purpose: Representations of general practitioners in the Paris area, France. A qualitative study].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Université Paris 13, département de médecine générale, UFR SMBH, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 93017 Bobigny, France. Electronic address: debrieclaire@gmail.com.
2
Protection maternelle et infantile, Conseil départemental de la Seine-Saint-Denis, Hôtel du Département, Esplanade Jean-Moulin, 93000 Bobigny, France; Collectif féministe contre le viol, 9, villa d'Este, 75013 Paris, France; Comité départemental de prévention des agressions sexuelles et de la maltraitance à l'encontre des enfants, 93000 Bobigny, France.
3
Hôpital Jean-Verdier (AP-HP), service de médecine légale et de médecine sociale, avenue du 14-Juillet, 93140 Bondy, France; Université Paris 13, Institut de recherche interdisciplinaire sur les enjeux sociaux (IRIS), UMR 8156-997, UFR SMBH, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 93017 Bobigny, France. Electronic address: patrick.chariot@aphp.fr.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Violence for educational purpose refers to a modality of education that includes threats, verbal abuse, physical abuse and humiliations. Twenty European countries, not including France, have abolished corporal punishment through explicit laws and regulations. The position of general practitioners in the screening and care of violence for educational purpose in France is unknown. In this study, we aimed to assess the representations of this form of violence among general practitioners.

METHODS:

We have performed semi-directed interviews of general practitioners in the Paris, France region (Île-de-France). Interviews were conducted until data saturation was achieved. Interviews were recorded, transcribed and analysed by two investigators.

RESULTS:

Interviews were conducted with 20 physicians (November 2015-January 2016). General practitioners considered that physical, verbal or psychological abuse had possible negative consequences on children. Uncertainty regarding the consequences of violence was a cause of tolerance towards violence for educational purpose, depending on the act committed and the context, as perceived by nearly all practitioners. General practitioners expressed interest in the field. They cited their own education and experience as the main obstacles to action. Most of them expressed a feeling of failure when they screened or took care of violence for educational purpose.

CONCLUSION:

This study suggests that doctors can participate in supporting the parents in the prevention of violence for educational purpose. Support to parents would need specific medical training as well as a societal change.

PMID:
29544913
DOI:
10.1016/j.lpm.2017.11.023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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