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Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2018 May;76:355-367. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2018.03.016. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Identifying the function of LvPI3K during the pathogenic infection of Litopenaeus vannamei by Vibrio alginolyticus.

Author information

1
Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Subtropical Biodiversity and Biomonitoring, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory for Healthy and Safe Aquaculture, College of Life Science, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, PR China.
2
Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Subtropical Biodiversity and Biomonitoring, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory for Healthy and Safe Aquaculture, College of Life Science, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, PR China. Electronic address: lyuan@scnu.edu.cn.
3
Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Subtropical Biodiversity and Biomonitoring, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory for Healthy and Safe Aquaculture, College of Life Science, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, PR China. Electronic address: wangwn@scnu.edu.cn.

Abstract

It is well known that PI3K regulates various processes in mammalian cells by generating a secondary messenger that later activates AKT. However, its innate immune function in crustaceans remains unclear. We report the characterization of Litopenaeus vannamei PI3K (LvPI3K) for investigating how PI3K participates in the innate immunity of crustaceans. Full-length LvPI3K cDNA was 3357 bp long, with a 3222 bp open reading frame (ORF) that encodes a putative protein of 1292 amino acids. The PI3K catalytic domain (PI3Kc) of LvPI3K was found to be rather conserved when the PI3Ks from other species were analyzed. The LvPI3K protein was shown to be localized to the cytoplasm of Drosophila S2 cells, while LvPI3K mRNA was ubiquitously expressed in healthy L. vannamei, with the highest expression found in hemolymph. A dual luciferase reporter gene assay demonstrated that LvPI3K overexpression activated the promoter of antibacterial peptide LvPEN4 in a dose-dependent manner. However, the addition of PDTC, a specific inhibitor of NF-κB, suppressed the LvPI3K-induced LvPEN4 promoter activation. Moreover, Vibrio alginolyticus challenge induced a rapid up-regulation of LvPI3K expression. Further experiments showed that LvPI3K silencing in shrimp challenged with V. alginolyticus significantly increased Vibrio number, ROS production and DNA damage in the hemolymph, as well as significantly decreased total hemocyte count. The mRNA levels of certain molecules related to LvPI3K signaling, such as LvAKT and LvPEN4, also decreased following LvPI3K silencing. Taken together, these results suggest that LvPI3K regulates the downstream signal component LvPEN4 and functions in V. alginolyticus resistance.

KEYWORDS:

Innate immunity; Litopenaeus vannamei; LvPI3K; Vibrio alginolyticus

PMID:
29544772
DOI:
10.1016/j.fsi.2018.03.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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