Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Med Intensiva. 2019 May;43(4):207-216. doi: 10.1016/j.medin.2018.02.005. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Application of a mindfulness program among healthcare professionals in an intensive care unit: Effect on burnout, empathy and self-compassion.

[Article in English, Spanish]

Author information

1
Servicio de Medicina Intensiva, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, España; Grupo de Investigación de Shock, Disfunción Orgánica y Resucitación (SODIR-VHIR), Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, España. Electronic address: rmgracia@vhebron.net.
2
Dirección de Calidad, Docencia e Investigación, Fundació Sanitària de Mollet, Mollet del Vallès, Barcelona, España.
3
Unidad de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, España.
4
Departamento de Psicología Social y Metodología de las Ciencias del Comportamiento, Universidad del País Vasco (UPV/EHU), San Sebastián, España.
5
Servicio de Medicina Intensiva, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, España; Grupo de Investigación de Shock, Disfunción Orgánica y Resucitación (SODIR-VHIR), Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, España.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effect of a mindfulness training program on the levels of burnout, mindfulness, empathy and self-compassion among healthcare professionals in an Intensive Care Unit of a tertiary hospital.

DESIGN:

A longitudinal study with an intrasubject pre-post intervention design was carried out.

SETTING:

Intensive Care Unit of a tertiary hospital.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 32 subjects (physicians, nurses and nursing assistants) participated in the study.

INTERVENTION:

A clinical session/workshop was held on the practice of mindfulness and its usefulness. The possibility of following an 8-week training program with specifically designed short guided practices supported by a virtual community based on a WhatsApp group was offered. A weekly proposal in audio and text format and daily reminders with stimulating messages of practice were sent.

MAIN MEASUREMENTS:

Various psychometric measures were self-reported: burnout (MBI), mindfulness (FFMQ), empathy (Jefferson) and self-compassion (SCS), before and after the training program. Demographic and workplace variables were also compiled.

RESULTS:

Among the factors affecting burnout, the level of emotional exhaustion decreased (-3.78 points; P=.012), mindfulness levels measured by the FFMQ were not globally modified, though "observation" and "non-reacting" factors increased. Empathy was not modified, and self-compassion levels increased (3.7 points; P=.001). Satisfaction and program adherence levels were very high.

CONCLUSIONS:

In the population described, this program showed a decrease in emotional exhaustion and an increase in self-compassion -these being factors that can produce well-being and exert a positive impact upon burnout in this vulnerable group.

KEYWORDS:

Atención plena; Burnout; Conciencia plena; Critical care; Desgaste profesional; Health care professionals; Medicina intensiva; Mindfulness; Profesionales sanitarios

PMID:
29544729
DOI:
10.1016/j.medin.2018.02.005
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Ediciones Doyma, S.L.
Loading ...
Support Center