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Eur J Sport Sci. 2018 Jul;18(6):763-771. doi: 10.1080/17461391.2018.1448458. Epub 2018 Mar 15.

An investigation of the accuracy and reliability of body composition assessed with a handheld electrical impedance myography device.

Author information

1
a Department of Exercise Science and Sport Management , Kennesaw State University , Kennesaw , GA , USA.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare the body fat per cent (BF%) assessed with a unique handheld electrical impedance myography (EIM) device, along with other popular methods, to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Participants included 33 males (aged 24.3 ± 4.6 years) and 38 females (aged 25.3 ± 8.9 years) who completed 2 visits separated by 24-72 h. The assessments included DXA, bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), skinfold measures (SKF), and three separate EIM measurements. No significant differences in BF% (P > 0.05) were found between all EIM assessments when compared against DXA for both males and females for each visit. All methods showed no significant differences in BF% (P > 0.05) between days within themselves. Across both days, the standard error of the estimate (SEE) for the EIM measurements ranged from 2.66% to 3.15%, the SEE for BIA was 2.80 and 2.85, and for SKF was 2.90 and 2.82. The 95% limits of agreement ranged from ±5.34% to ±6.38% for EIM measurements and were highest for SKF (±7.42% and ±7.47%). The total error for both days was largest for SKF (5.20% and 5.35%) and lowest for the EIM measurements (2.48-3.24%). This investigation supports use of a handheld EIM device as an accurate and reliable method of estimating BF% compared to DXA in young, apparently healthy individuals with BF% in the range of 10-22% for males and 20-32% in females and suggests this EIM device be considered a viable alternative to other established field measurements in this population.

KEYWORDS:

Body fat per cent; Skulpt Chisel™; dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry

PMID:
29544083
DOI:
10.1080/17461391.2018.1448458
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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