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PLoS One. 2018 Mar 15;13(3):e0193374. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0193374. eCollection 2018.

Birth of prominent scientists.

Author information

1
Medallia, San Mateo, California, United States of America.
2
Business School, Instituto Tecnologico Autonomo de Mexico, Tizapan San Angel, Mexico D.F., Mexico.
3
Imperial College Business School, South Kensington Campus, London, United Kingdom.

Abstract

This paper analyzes the influence key scientists have in the development of a science and technology system. In particular, this work appraises the influence that star scientists have on the productivity and impact of young faculty, as well as on the likelihood that these young researchers become a leading personality in science. Our analysis confirms previous results that eminent scientist have a prime role in the development of a scientific system, especially within the context of an emerging economy like Mexico. In particular, in terms of productivity and visibility, this work shows that between 1984 and 2001 the elite group of physicists in Mexico (approximate 10% of all scientists working in physics and its related fields) published 42% of all publications, received 50% of all citations and bred 18% to 26% of new entrants. In addition our work shows that scientists that enter the system by the hand of a highly productive researcher increased their productivity on average by 28% and the ones that did it by the hand of a highly visible scientist received on average 141% more citations, vis-à-vis scholars that did not published their first manuscripts with an eminent scientist. Furthermore, scholars that enter the system by the hand of a highly productive researcher were on average 2.5 more likely to also become a star.

PMID:
29543855
PMCID:
PMC5854281
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0193374
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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