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J Biol Chem. 2018 Apr 27;293(17):6603-6610. doi: 10.1074/jbc.RA117.000456. Epub 2018 Mar 14.

Transcription factor 21 (TCF21) promotes proinflammatory interleukin 6 expression and extracellular matrix remodeling in visceral adipose stem cells.

Author information

1
From the Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology & Diabetes, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2800 and.
2
the Biointerfaces Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2800.
3
From the Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology & Diabetes, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2800 and taehwa@umich.edu.

Abstract

The visceral (VIS) and subcutaneous (SQ) fat pads are developmentally distinct white adipose tissue depots and contribute differently to inflammation and insulin resistance associated with obesity. The basic helix-loop-helix transcriptional regulator, transcription factor 21 (TCF21), is a marker gene for white adipose tissues and is abundantly expressed in VIS-derived adipose stem cells (ASCs), but not in SQ-derived ASCs. However, TCF21's role in regulating fat depot-specific gene expression and function is incompletely understood. Here, using siRNA-mediated Tcf21 knockdowns and lentiviral gene transfer of TCF21 in mouse ASCs, we demonstrate that TCF21 is required for the VIS ASC-specific expression of interleukin 6 (IL6), a key cytokine that contributes to the proinflammatory nature of VIS depots. Concurrently, TCF21 promotes MMP-dependent collagen degradation and type IV collagen deposition through the regulation of the extracellular matrix (ECM) modifiers, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 2, MMP13, and tissue inhibitor of MMP1 (TIMP1), as well as collagen type IV α1 chain (COL4A1) in VIS ASCs. We also found that although IL6 mediates the expression of Mmp13 and Timp1 in VIS ASCs, the TCF21-dependent expression of Mmp2 and Col4a1 is IL6-independent. These results suggest that TCF21 contributes to the proinflammatory environment in VIS fat depots and to active ECM remodeling of these depots by regulating IL6 expression and MMP-dependent ECM remodeling in a spatiotemporally coordinated manner.

KEYWORDS:

adipose tissue; collagen; interleukin 6 (IL6); matrix metalloproteinase (MMP); transcription

PMID:
29540474
PMCID:
PMC5925812
[Available on 2019-04-27]
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.RA117.000456

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