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Mutat Res. 1987 Jun;178(2):177-86.

Genetic effects of 5-hydroxymethyl-2'-deoxyuridine, a product of ionizing radiation.


Ionizing radiation causes formation of heterogeneous types of damage to DNA. Among those, 5-hydroxymethyl-2'-deoxyuridine (HMdU) was identified as a major thymidine derivative in gamma-irradiated HeLa cells [G.W. Teebor, K. Frenkel and M.S. Goldstein (1984) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (U.S.A.), 81, 318-321]. We report here that HMdU is a strong inducer of lambda prophage in Escherichia coli WP2s(lambda) and is highy mutagenic in Salmonella typhimurium. HMdU causes his+ revertants in strains TA100, which reverts predominantly by base-pair substitution at G-C sites, and TA97, which reverts mainly by frameshift mutation at G-C sites. It does not cause reversion in TA98, another frameshift-sensitive strain, nor in strains TA1535 and TA1537. Of those tested, only the last two strains do not contain pkM101, a plasmid which enhances mutagenic effects of ionizing radiation. HMdU also causes reversion in strains TA102 and TA104, which detect oxidative damage and can revert by base-pair substitution at A-T base pairs at the hisG428 site. We show that HMdU can be incorporated into DNA of TA100 and that, in addition to causing point mutations, it causes suppressor mutations as well. The ability of HMdU to induce lambda prophage and its strong mutagenicity in Salmonella typhimurium provide evidence that the presence of HMdU in DNA is biologically significant and may play a major role in the genetic consequences of ionizing radiation and other types of oxidative damage.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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