Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Molecules. 2018 Mar 14;23(3). pii: E657. doi: 10.3390/molecules23030657.

Hyperbranched Macromolecules: From Synthesis to Applications.

Author information

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Wonkwang University, 460, Iksandae-ro, Iksan, Jeonbuk 54538, Korea. iyjeon79@wku.ac.kr.
2
School of Energy and Chemical Engineering/Center for Dimension-Controllable Organic Frameworks, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), 50, UNIST, Ulsan 44919, Korea. hyukjun93@unist.ac.kr.
3
School of Energy and Chemical Engineering/Center for Dimension-Controllable Organic Frameworks, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), 50, UNIST, Ulsan 44919, Korea. jbbaek@unist.ac.kr.

Abstract

Hyperbranched macromolecules (HMs, also called hyperbranched polymers) are highly branched three-dimensional (3D) structures in which all bonds converge to a focal point or core, and which have a multiplicity of reactive chain-ends. This review summarizes major types of synthetic strategies exploited to produce HMs, including the step-growth polycondensation, the self-condensing vinyl polymerization and ring opening polymerization. Compared to linear analogues, the globular and dendritic architectures of HMs endow new characteristics, such as abundant functional groups, intramolecular cavities, low viscosity, and high solubility. After discussing the general concepts, synthesis, and properties, various applications of HMs are also covered. HMs continue being materials for topical interest, and thus this review offers both concise summary for those new to the topic and for those with more experience in the field of HMs.

KEYWORDS:

bio-applications; carbon nanomaterial; hyperbranched macromolecules; photoelectric materials; polymerization; stabilizers

PMID:
29538327
PMCID:
PMC6017023
DOI:
10.3390/molecules23030657
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI) Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center