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J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 Jun;155(6):2267-2274. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2018.01.085. Epub 2018 Feb 14.

Oxygenation impairment after total arch replacement with a stented elephant trunk for type-A dissection.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Shandong, China.
2
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Shandong, China. Electronic address: shen51283@hotmail.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the risk factors of oxygenation impairment in patients with type-A acute aortic dissection who underwent total arch replacement with a stented elephant trunk.

METHODS:

In this study, 169 consecutive patients were enrolled who were diagnosed with type-A acute aortic dissection and underwent a total arch replacement procedure at the Qilu Hospital of Shandong University between January 2015 and February 2017. Postoperative oxygenation impairment was defined as arterial oxygen partial pressure/inspired oxygen fraction ≤ 200 with positive end expiratory pressure ≥ 5 cm H2O that occurred within 72 hours of surgery. Perioperative clinical characteristics of all patients were collected and univariable analyses were performed. Risk factors associated with oxygenation impairment identified by univariable analyses were included in the multivariable regression analysis.

RESULTS:

The incidence of postoperative oxygenation impairment was 48.5%. Postoperative oxygenation impairment was associated with prolonged mechanical ventilation time, intensive care unit stay, and hospital stay. Multivariable regression analysis demonstrated that body mass index (odds ratio [OR], 1.204; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.065-1.361; P = .003), preoperative oxygenation impairment (OR, 9.768; 95% CI, 4.159-22.941; P < .001), preoperative homocysteine (OR, 1.080; 95% CI, 1.006-1.158; P = .032), circulatory arrest time (OR, 1.123; 95% CI, 1.044-1.207; P = .002), and plasma transfusion (OR, 1.002; 95% CI, 1.001-1.003; P = .002) were significantly associated with postoperative oxygenation impairment.

CONCLUSIONS:

Postoperative oxygenation impairment is a common complication of surgery for type-A acute aortic dissection. Body mass index, preoperative oxygenation impairment, preoperative homocysteine, circulatory arrest time, and plasma transfusion were independent risk factors for oxygenation impairment after a total arch replacement procedure.

KEYWORDS:

acute aortic dissection; acute respiratory distress syndrome; oxygenation impairment; oxygenation index; total arch replacement with a stented elephant trunk

PMID:
29534905
DOI:
10.1016/j.jtcvs.2018.01.085
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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