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Dis Esophagus. 2018 Oct 1;31(10). doi: 10.1093/dote/doy018.

Simultaneous laryngopharyngeal pH monitoring (Restech) and conventional esophageal pH monitoring-correlation using a large patient cohort of more than 100 patients with suspected gastroesophageal reflux disease.

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1
Department of General, Visceral and Cancer Surgery, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Abstract

24-hour esophageal pH-metry is not designed to detect laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). The new laryngopharyngeal pH-monitoring system (Restech) may detect LPR better. There is no established correlation between these two techniques as only small case series exist. The aim of this study is to examine the correlation between the two techniques with a large patient cohort. All patients received a complete diagnostic workup for gastroesophageal reflux including symptom evaluation, endoscopy, 24-hour pH-metry, high resolution manometry, and Restech. Consecutive patients with suspected gastroesophageal reflux and disease-related extra-esophageal symptoms were evaluated using 24-hour laryngopharyngeal and concomitant esophageal pH-monitoring. Subsequently, the relationship between the two techniques was evaluated subdividing the different reflux scenarios into four groups. A total of 101 patients from December 2013 to February 2017 were included. All patients presented extra-esophageal symptoms such as cough, hoarseness, asthma symptoms, and globus sensation. Classical reflux symptoms such as heartburn (71%), regurgitation (60%), retrosternal pain (54%), and dysphagia (32%) were also present. Esophageal 24-hour pH-metry was positive in 66 patients (65%) with a mean DeMeester Score of 66.7 [15-292]. Four different reflux scenarios were detected (group A-D): in 39% of patients with abnormal esophageal pH-metry, Restech evaluation was normal (group A, n = 26, mean DeMeester-score = 57.9 [15-255], mean Ryan score = 2.6 [2-8]). In 23% of patients with normal pH-metry (n = 8, group B), Restech evaluation was abnormal (mean DeMeester-score 10.5 [5-13], mean Ryan score 63.5 [27-84]). The remaining groups C and D showed corresponding results. Restech evaluation was positive in 48% of cases in this highly selective patient cohort. As demonstrated by four reflux scenarios, esophageal pH-metry and Restech do not necessarily need to correspond. Especially in patients with borderline abnormal 24-hour pH-metry, Restech may help to support the decision for or against laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery.

PMID:
29534167
DOI:
10.1093/dote/doy018

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