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Ann Clin Lab Sci. 2018 Jan;48(1):75-80.

Analytical and Clinical Performance Evaluation of the Abbott Architect PIVKA Assay.

Author information

1
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Hallym University College of Medicine, Hwaseong, Korea.
2
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Hallym University College of Medicine, Hwaseong, Korea hskim0901@empas.com.

Abstract

Protein induced by vitamin K absence (PIVKA) is measured using various assays and is used to help diagnose hepatocellular carcinoma. The present study evaluated the analytical and clinical performances of the recently released Abbott Architect PIVKA assay. Precision, linearity, and correlation tests were performed in accordance with the Clinical Laboratory Standardization Institute guidelines. Sample type suitability was assessed using serum and plasma samples from the same patients, and the reference interval was established using sera from 204 healthy individuals. The assay had coefficients of variation of 3.2-3.5% and intra-laboratory variation of 3.6-5.5%. Linearity was confirmed across the entire measurable range. The Architect PIVKA assay was comparable to the Lumipulse PIVKA assay, and the plasma and serum samples provided similar results. The lower reference limit was 13.0 mAU/mL and the upper reference limit was 37.4 mAU/mL. The ability of the Architect PIVKA assay to detect hepatocellular carcinoma was comparable to that of the alpha-fetoprotein test and the Lumipulse PIVKA assay. The Architect PIVKA assay provides excellent analytical and clinical performance, is simple for clinical laboratories to adopt, and has improved sample type suitability that could broaden the assay's utility.

KEYWORDS:

Protein induced by vitamin K absence; hepatocellular carcinoma; performance evaluation

PMID:
29531000
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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