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J Mycol Med. 2018 Jun;28(2):340-344. doi: 10.1016/j.mycmed.2018.02.010. Epub 2018 Mar 9.

The patterns of colonization and antifungal susceptibility of Candida, isolated from preterm neonates in Khorramabad, South West of Iran.

Author information

1
Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Health Research Institute, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran; Department of Medical Mycology, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
2
Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Health Research Institute, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran; Department of Medical Mycology, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran. Electronic address: zarei40@hotmail.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Usually, 7-20% of preterm neonates colonized by Candida species present invasive candidiasis. Candida albicans, and several non-albicans species cause invasive infection with C. albicans being the most dominant agent. In the last two decades, infection due to non-albicans have been increased dramatically due to their low sensitivity to antifungal drugs such as fluconazole. The aim of present study was to evaluate Candida colonization pattern and antifungal susceptibility among preterm neonates from Khorramabad, South west of Iran.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Samples were collected from 80 preterm neonates, cultured on CHROMagar Candida and incubated at 37°C. All recovered isolates were primarily screened based on classical methods and identified by PCR-RFLP targeting the ITS-rDNA regions. Antifungal susceptibility testing of all isolates was performed according to the CLSI method against amphotericin B, caspofungin, itraconazole, fluconazole and voriconazole.

RESULTS:

Totally 23 isolates of Candida species were recovered from 20 patients (female: male, 50:50) including, C. albicans (18), C. parapsilosis (2) and C. glabrata (1). Furthermore, the blood cultures from two patients were yielded C. albicans and C. parapsilosis so that patient with C. albicans died after five days. Generally, in this study, 9 (39.1%) isolates were resistant to amphotericin B including; 7 (30.4%) C. albicans and 2 (8.7%) C. parapsilosis. In addition, 2 (8.7%) and 4 (17.4%) isolates were also resistant to itraconazole and caspofungin, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

In conclusion, Candida colonization among preterm neonates is still an important issue in hospitals. In addition, in spite of a significant amphotericin B resistant Candida, voriconazole, fluconazole, and itraconazole are valuable antifungals, due to fully sensitivity to Candida.

KEYWORDS:

Antifungals susceptibility; Candida albicans; Preterm neonates

PMID:
29530715
DOI:
10.1016/j.mycmed.2018.02.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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