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Exp Clin Transplant. 2018 Mar;16 Suppl 1(Suppl 1):194-197. doi: 10.6002/ect.TOND-TDTD2017.P62.

Aesthetic Surgery in Transplant Patients: A Single Center Experience.

Author information

1
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Transplant patients, like the nontransplant population, can have surgical interventions for body shape disorders. Studies on aesthetic surgeries in transplant patients are scarce. Our aim was to share our experiences with various aesthetic procedures in solid-organ transplant recipients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Six (5 female, 1 male) transplant patients who received surgical corrections of the aging face, ptosis and lipodystrophy of the breast, and abdomen at the Baskent University Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery Department between 2010 and 2017 were included. Five patients had renal transplants, and 1 patient had liver transplant. Minimal aesthetic procedures, including botulinum toxin, dermal filler injections, and scar revisions, were excluded. All patients were consulted to transplant team preoperatively and hospitalized in the transplant inpatient clinic.

RESULTS:

Mean age was 46 years. Aesthetic surgeries included breast reduction (2 patients), high suprasuperficial musculoaponeurotic system face lift (1 patient), blepharoplasty (2 patients), and dermofat grafting (1 patient). Mean hospitalization duration was 2.5 days. Four patients had no minor or major complications. One patient had skin flap necrosis, which healed with secondary intention. Another patient had ectropion after lower lid blepharoplasty, which was corrected with another procedure.

CONCLUSIONS:

Transplant patients are a special group of patients who receive long-term immunosuppressive treatment and medications like high-dose steroids. These treatments can lead to dermal atrophy and cause pseudo-skin laxity. Removal of excess skin and fat tissue should be considered. Efforts should be made to avoid complications such as skin necrosis and unpredictable wound healing problems when resecting the excess tissue. Preoperative consultation with transplant surgeons and keeping operative times short are other important factors. Body dysmorphologies that interfere with normal life activities and demand for younger appearance are the main reasons of aesthetic procedures. Transplant patients can be operated safely with preoperative planning, consultation with transplant surgeons, and close follow-up.

PMID:
29528026
DOI:
10.6002/ect.TOND-TDTD2017.P62
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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