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Ann Endocrinol (Paris). 2018 Apr;79(2):53-61. doi: 10.1016/j.ando.2017.10.003. Epub 2018 Mar 8.

Predictive factors of endocrine and exocrine insufficiency after resection of a benign tumour of the pancreas.

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CHU de Poitiers, service de chirurgie viscérale, 2, rue de la Milétrie, 86000 Poitiers, France. Electronic address:
CHU de Poitiers, service d'hépato-gastro-entérologie et assistance nutritive, Poitiers, France.
CHU de Poitiers, pôle DUNE, Poitiers, France.
CHU de Poitiers, service de chirurgie viscérale, 2, rue de la Milétrie, 86000 Poitiers, France.



The aim of the present study is to evaluate the risk factors of endocrine and exocrine insufficiency occurring few years after pancreatic resections in a consecutive series of patients who underwent pancreatoduodenectomy (PD), left pancreatectomy (LP) or enucleation for benign neoplasms at a referral centre.


Pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (PEI) was defined by the onset of steatorrhea associated with weight loss, and endocrine insufficiency was determinate by fasting plasma glucose. Association between pancreatic insufficiency and clinical, pathological, and perioperative features was studied using univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis.


A prospective cohort of 92 patients underwent PD (48%), LP (44%) or enucleation (8%) for benign tumours, from 2005 to 2016 in the University Hospital in Poitiers (France). The median follow-up was 68.6±42.4months. During the following, 54 patients developed exocrine insufficiency whereas 32 patients presented endocrine insufficiency. In the Cox model, a BMI>28kg/m2, being a man and presenting a metabolic syndrome were significantly associated with a higher risk to develop postoperative diabetes. The risks factors for the occurrence of PEI were preoperative chronic pancreatitis, a BMI<18.5kg/m2, tumours located in the pancreatic head, biological markers of chronic obstruction and fibrotic pancreas. Undergoing LP or enucleation were protective factors of PEI. Histological categories such as neuroendocrine tumours and cystadenomas were also associated with a decreased incidence of PEI.


Men with metabolic syndrome and obesity should be closely followed-up for diabetes, and patients with obstructive tumours, pancreatic fibrosis or chronic pancreatitis require a vigilant follow up on their pancreatic exocrine function.


Benign; Bénin; Chirurgie; Endocrine; Exocrine; Insufficiency; Insuffisance; Pancreas; Pancréas; Surgery

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