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Ultrasonics. 2018 Aug;88:9-15. doi: 10.1016/j.ultras.2018.03.001. Epub 2018 Mar 2.

Silicone-based composite materials simulate breast tissue to be used as ultrasonography training phantoms.

Author information

1
Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Sabanci University, Istanbul, Turkey.
2
Surgitate Medikal Arge Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş., Kocaeli, Turkey.
3
Marmara University Pendik Research and Application Hospital, Radiology Department, Istanbul, Turkey.
4
Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Sabanci University, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: ozgeakbulut@sabanciuniv.edu.

Abstract

A silicone-based composite breast phantom is fabricated to be used as an education model in ultrasonography training. A matrix of silicone formulations is tracked to mimic the ultrasonography and tactile response of human breast tissue. The performance of two different additives: (i) silicone oil and (ii) vinyl-terminated poly (dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) are monitored by a home-made acoustic setup. Through the use of 75 wt% vinyl-terminated PDMS in two-component silicone elastomer mixture, a sound velocity of 1.29 ± 0.09 × 103 m/s and an attenuation coefficient of 12.99 ± 0.08 dB/cm-values those match closely to the human breast tissue-are measured with 5 MHz probe. This model can also be used for needle biopsy as well as for self-exam trainings. Herein, we highlight the fabrication of a realistic, durable, accessible, and cost-effective training platform that contains skin layer, inner breast tissue, and tumor masses.

KEYWORDS:

Breast phantom; Breast ultrasonography; Silicone composites; Tissue mimicking

PMID:
29525227
DOI:
10.1016/j.ultras.2018.03.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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