Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Comput Biol Chem. 2018 Jun;74:20-30. doi: 10.1016/j.compbiolchem.2018.02.022. Epub 2018 Feb 27.

Computational analysis for the determination of deleterious nsSNPs in human MTHFR gene.

Author information

1
P. G. Department of Genetics, Ashok and Rita Patel Institute of Integrated Study and Research in Biotechnology and Allied Science (ARIBAS), New Vallabh Vidyanagar, Affiliated to Sardar Patel University, India. Electronic address: mansidesai0@gmail.com.
2
P. G. Department of Genetics, Ashok and Rita Patel Institute of Integrated Study and Research in Biotechnology and Allied Science (ARIBAS), New Vallabh Vidyanagar, Affiliated to Sardar Patel University, India. Electronic address: jenabhaichauhan@aribas.edu.in.

Abstract

Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is a key enzyme involved in folate metabolism and plays a central role in DNA methylation and biosynthesis. MTHFR mutations may alter the cellular folate supply which in turn affects nucleic acid synthesis, DNA methylation and chromosomal damage. The identification of number of SNPs in the human genome growing nowadays and hence, the evaluation of functional & structural consequences of these SNPs is very laborious by means of experimental analysis. Therefore, in the present study, recently developed various computational algorithms have been used which can predict the functional and structural consequences of the SNPs. Various computational tools like SIFT, PolyPhen2, PROVEAN, SNAP2, nsSNPAnalyzer, SNPs&GO, PhD-SNP, PMut, I-Mutant, iPTREE-STAB and MUpro were used to predict most deleterious SNPs. Additionally, ConSurf was used to find amino acids conservation and NCBI conserved domain search tool to find conserved domains in MTHFR. Post translational modification sites were predicted using ModPred. SPARKS-X was used to generate 3D structure of the native and mutant MTHFR protein, ModRefiner for further refinement, Varify3D and RAMPAGE to validate structure. Ligand binding sites were predicted using FTsite, RaptorX binding and COACH. Three SNPs i.e. R157Q, L323P and W500C predicted the most deleterious in all the tools used for functional and stability analysis. Moreover, both residues R157, L323 and W500 were predicted highly conserved, buried and structural residues by ConSurf. Post translational modification sites were also predicted at R157 and W500. The ligand binding sites were predicted at R157, L323 and W500.

KEYWORDS:

Deleterious prediction; Folate metabolism; Human MTHFR gene polymorphism; In silico analysis; Single nucleotide polymorphisms

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center