Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Heart Lung Circ. 2018 Aug;27(8):976-983. doi: 10.1016/j.hlc.2018.01.002. Epub 2018 Feb 3.

Low Rates of Major Complications for Radiofrequency Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation Maintained Over 14 Years: A Single Centre Experience of 2750 Consecutive Cases.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.
2
Department of Cardiology, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Vic, Australia; Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.
3
Department of Cardiology, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Vic, Australia; Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic, Australia. Electronic address: Jon.Kalman@mh.org.au.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Despite technological advances, studies continue to report high complication rates for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. We sought to review complication rates for AF ablation at a high-volume centre over a 14-year period and identify predictors of complications.

METHODS:

We reviewed prospectively collected data from 2750 consecutive AF ablation procedures at our institution using radiofrequency energy (RF) between January 2004 and May 2017. All cases were performed under general anaesthetic with transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE), 3D-mapping and an irrigated ablation catheter. Double transseptal puncture was performed under TEE guidance. All patients underwent wide antral circumferential isolation of the pulmonary veins (30W anteriorly, 25W posteriorly) with substrate modification at operator discretion.

RESULTS:

Of 2255 initial and 495 redo procedures, ablation strategies were: pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) only 2097 (76.3%), PVI+ LA lines 368 (13.4%), PVI+posterior wall 191 (6.9%), PVI+cavotricuspid isthmus 277 (10.1%). There were 23 major (0.84%) and 20 minor (0.73%) complications. Cardiac tamponade (five cases - 0.18%) and phrenic nerve palsy (one case - 0.04%) rates were very low. Major vascular complications necessitating surgery or blood transfusion occurred in five patients (0.18%). There were no cases of death, permanent disability, atrio-oesophageal fistulae or symptomatic pulmonary vein (PV) stenosis, although there were five TEE probe-related complications (0.18%). Female gender (OR 2.14; 95% CI 1.07-4.26) but not age >70 (OR 1.01) was the only multivariate predictor of complications.

CONCLUSIONS:

Atrial fibrillation ablation performed at a high-volume centre using RF can be achieved with a low major complication rate in a representative AF population over a sustained period of time.

KEYWORDS:

Ablation; Atrial fibrillation; Cardiac tamponade; Complications; Radiofrequency energy

PMID:
29523465
DOI:
10.1016/j.hlc.2018.01.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center