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Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue. 2018 Mar;30(3):198-203. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.2095-4352.2018.03.002.

[Effect of different concentrations of hypertonic sodium fluid resuscitation on intestine injury in rats at the early stage of severe burn].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
Department of Burns, the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230022, Anhui, China (Sun YX, Yuan CY, Chen XL, Wang F, Sun CS, Liu S); Department of Intensive Care Unit, the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230022, Anhui, China (Gao Z). Corresponding author: Chen Xulin, Email: okcxl@123.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the effect of different concentrations of hypertonic saline solution (HS) on intestine injury in rats at the early stage of severe burn.

METHODS:

104 adult healthy female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into five groups: sham group (n = 8), lactated Ringer solution (LR) group (n = 24) and 200, 300, 400 mmol/L HS group (HS200 group, HS300 group, HS400 group, all n = 24). All the rats in LR group and different concentrations of HS groups were scalded for 30% total body surface area (TBSA) with III degree, after immediately, the rats were given burn resuscitation therapy by LR or corresponding concentrations of HS through the tail vein. Eight rats were sacrificed on the 2nd, 8th and 24th post-injury hour (PIH), respectively, to collect abdominal aorta blood and intestinal tissues. The rats in sham group were given simulation of burns without resuscitation, which were immediately sacrificed and the specimens were harvested. The serum Na+ concentration was determined by automatic biochemical analyzer. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) contents in serum were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The moisture content of intestine reflected by intestine wet/dry weight (W/D) ratio was determined. The content of malondialdehyde (MDA) and the activity of diamine oxidase (DAO) in intestinal tissue were determined by ultraviolet spectrophotometer. The activation of von Willebrand factor (vWF) was assessed by using immunohistochemistry.

RESULTS:

Compared with sham group, and the contents of TNF-α and IL-1β in blood and W/D ratio and MDA contents in intestine at each time point after injury in LR group and three HS groups were significantly increased, and the activity of intestinal DAO was significantly decreased. The serum Na+ concentration was significantly reduced in the LR group as compared with that in the sham group, which was significantly higher in the three HS groups than that in the sham group, with the most obvious change on the 8th PIH. Compared with LR group, the serum Na+ concentration and the activity of intestine DAO at each time point after injury in different concentrations of HS groups were significantly increased, and the serum contents of TNF-α, IL-1β and the W/D ratio, MDA contents in intestine were significantly lowered showing a dose dependent. The changes of HS400 group was the most significantly, and the difference on the 8th PIH was statistically significant as compared with LR group [blood Na+ (mmol/L): 145.51±0.72 vs. 131.52±0.85, intestinal DAO (U/g): 4.85±0.30 vs. 3.50±0.45, blood TNF-α (ng/L): 88.47±4.91 vs. 153.21±13.45, blood IL-1β (ng/L): 85.77±3.42 vs. 140.57±10.46, intestinal W/D ratio: 3.32±0.05 vs. 3.73±0.09, intestinal MDA (nmol/mg): 0.58±0.01 vs. 0.82±0.04, all P < 0.05]. The immunohistochemical results showed that the vWF activity in the LR group and different concentrations of HS groups was significantly reduced as compared with that of the sham group. Compared with LR group, the activity of intestinal vWF at each time point in different concentration of HS groups was increased to some extent with a dose dependent. The positive staining in HS400 group was the deepest, which showed that the activity of intestinal vWF was the strongest after treated by 400 mmol/L HS.

CONCLUSIONS:

Compared with LR, HS can attenuate intestinal tissue injury of rats at the early stage of severely burned, and of all, the curative effect of 400 mmol/L HS is the best.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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