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BMC Pediatr. 2018 Mar 8;18(1):105. doi: 10.1186/s12887-018-1085-z.

Usefulness of fetal magnetic resonance imaging for postnatal management of congenital lung cysts: prediction of probability for emergency surgery.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya, 466-8550, Japan.
2
Department of Radiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.
3
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya, 466-8550, Japan. hiro2013@med.nagoya-u.ac.jp.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Emergency rescue lung resection is rarely performed to treat congenital lung cysts (CLCs) in neonates. Many reports have described fetal CLC treatment; however, prenatal predictors for postnatal respiratory failure have not been characterized. We hypothesized that fetal imaging findings are useful predictors of emergency surgery.

METHODS:

We retrospectively studied patients with CLC who underwent lung surgery during the neonatal period in our hospital between January 2001 and December 2015. The demographic data, fetal imaging findings, and intra- and postoperative courses of patients who underwent emergency surgery (Em group) were compared with those of patients who received elective surgery, i.e., non-emergency surgery (Ne group).

RESULTS:

The Em group and Ne group included 7 and 11 patients, respectively. No significant difference was noted in gestational age, time at prenatal diagnosis, birth weight, and body weight at surgery. The volumes of contralateral lung per thoracic volume were significantly smaller in the Em group than in the Ne group (pā€‰=ā€‰0.0188). Mediastinal compression was more common in the Em group (7/7) than in the Ne group (4/11) (pā€‰=ā€‰0.0128).

CONCLUSIONS:

This is the report describing neonatal emergency lobectomy in patients with CLC evaluated by fetal MRI using the lung volume ratio and mediastinal shift. In patients with CLC, mediastinal shift and significant decreases in contralateral lung volumes during the fetal stages are good prenatal predictors of postnatal emergency lung resection.

KEYWORDS:

CCAM; Congenital lung cysts; Emergency lobectomy; Fetal MRI

PMID:
29519239
PMCID:
PMC5842628
DOI:
10.1186/s12887-018-1085-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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