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Indian J Nephrol. 2018 Jan-Feb;28(1):35-40. doi: 10.4103/ijn.IJN_2_16.

Mycophenolate versus Cyclophosphamide for Lupus Nephritis.

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1
Department of Nephrology, Osmania General Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Abstract

Systemic lupus erythematosus is common in our country, and renal involvement is an important cause of chronic kidney disease. This study was aimed at comparing the three regimens, i.e., cyclophosphamide-based regimes (low dose and high dose) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF)-based regime and determining if cyclophosphamide (CPM)-based regime can be an effective, safe, and cheap alternative to MMF-based regime in a resource-limited setting. Out of 144 patients, females constituted 89%. Nephrotic nephritic presentation was the most common. Rapidly progressive renal failure was seen in in 42 (29.1%) patients. Class IV was the most common 66 (45.8%) histological class. Crescentic glomerulonephritis was seen in 18 (12.5%). Overall remission (complete + partial) at 6 months was seen in 71.4% in National Institute of Health regime, 65% in European lupus nephritis trial protocol and 72.9% in MMF regime. End-stage renal disease and switching to other therapies were comparable among the three groups. Although infections were more with CPM, the difference was not statistically significant. CPM-based therapies were associated with a significantly lower cost.

KEYWORDS:

Cyclophosphamide; induction; lupus nephritis; mycophenolate; systemic lupus erythematous; treatment

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