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Acta Radiol. 2018 Dec;59(12):1494-1499. doi: 10.1177/0284185118762246. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Usefulness of ultrasound assessment of median nerve mobility in carpal tunnel syndrome.

Author information

1
1 Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, Daegu, Republic of Korea.
2
2 Department of Neurology, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, Daegu, Republic of Korea.
3
3 Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Munsung Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common peripheral compression neuropathy of the upper extremity. Recently, dynamic ultrasound (US) imaging has shown differences in median nerve mobility between the affected and unaffected sides in CTS.

PURPOSE:

The present study was performed to compare the median nerve mobility between patients with CTS and healthy individuals, and to correlate median nerve mobility with the severity of CTS.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

A total of 101 patients (128 wrists) with CTS and 43 healthy individuals (70 wrists) were evaluated. Electrodiagnostic studies were initially conducted to determine the neurophysiological grading scale (NGS). The cross-sectional area (CSA) of the median nerve and the grade of median nerve mobility were measured using US.

RESULTS:

The mean grade of median nerve mobility in the CTS group (1.9) was significantly lower than that in the control group (2.6; P < 0.001). There were significant negative correlations between the grade of median nerve mobility and distal motor latency of the median nerve (r = -0.218, P = 0.015), NGS (r = -0.207, P = 0.020) and CSA of the median nerve (r = -0.196, P = 0.028).

CONCLUSION:

The grade of median nerve mobility was negatively correlated with the severity of CTS. US assessment of median nerve mobility may be useful in diagnosing and determining the severity of CTS.

KEYWORDS:

Carpal tunnel syndrome; median nerve mobility; severity; ultrasound

PMID:
29512394
DOI:
10.1177/0284185118762246
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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