Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Anesth. 2018 Jun;32(3):333-340. doi: 10.1007/s00540-018-2477-9. Epub 2018 Mar 6.

Diaphragmatic paralysis in obese patients in arthroscopic shoulder surgery: consequences and causes.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesia, Clinique Medipôle Garonne, 31036, Toulouse, France. philippemarty@hotmail.com.
2
Département Anesthésie-Réanimation, Hôpital Pierre-Paul Riquet, CHU Purpan, 31059, Toulouse, France.
3
Department of Anesthesia, Clinique Medipôle Garonne, 31036, Toulouse, France.
4
Department of Intensive Care, Centre hospitalier Hôtel-Dieu, Narbonne, France.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Ambulatory process in arthroscopic shoulder surgery has boomed over past decades. Some anesthetic techniques such as interscalene block (ISB) and its surrogates are associated with diaphragmatic paralysis and might compromise outpatient procedure.

HYPOTHESIS:

This study aims to assess consequences of diaphragmatic paralysis in obese patients.

METHODS:

This prospective observational study screened patients with body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m2 undergoing acromioplasty or supraspinatus tendon repair. Surgery was performed using brachial plexus block, and the method of brachial plexus block was left at the discretion of attending anesthesiologists. Post-operative hemidiaphragmatic paralysis was evaluated using M-mode ultrasonography and its consequences on patient ventilation were assessed: occurrence of hypoxic episode defined as oxygen saturation less than 90% (by pulse oximeter) in room air, dyspnea and failure of ambulatory procedure. Causes of diaphragmatic paralysis were also analyzed.

RESULTS:

Ninety-one patients were screened, 82 patients were included in this study and 37 patients (45%) presented diaphragmatic paralysis. Compared to patients without diaphragmatic paralysis, diaphragmatic paralysis was associated with dyspnea [10 (27%) versus 1 (2%); p = 0.0019], occurrence of patients presenting at least one hypoxic episode [6 (16%) versus 1 (2%); p = 0.02] and failure of ambulatory process [10 (27%) versus 1 (2%); p = 0.009]. The combination of axillary and suprascapular nerve blocks, but also low volume ISB, was found to be protective against diaphragmatic paralysis when compared to high volume ISB [Odds ratios 0.0019 (0.001-0.026) and 0.0482 (0.008-0.27), respectively; p < 0.001].

CONCLUSION:

In patients with BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 undergoing arthroscopic shoulder surgery, diaphragmatic paralysis is associated with dyspnea, occurrence of hypoxic episodes and failure of ambulatory procedure. High volume ISB and also, to a lesser extent, low volume ISB were found to be responsible for diaphragmatic paralysis.

TRIAL REGISTRY NUMBER:

Registration n° 2014-202.

KEYWORDS:

Diaphragmatic paralysis; Regional anesthesia; Shoulder surgery

PMID:
29511891
DOI:
10.1007/s00540-018-2477-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center